Essay Multiple Sclerosis

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Multiple Sclerosis

The primary objective of this paper is to raise fundamental questions in regards to multiple sclerosis, and to explore possibilities that attempt to answer these inquiries. Second, the prospective outcome is to provide a solid knowledge base for which my peers may begin to understand the relationship between multiple sclerosis and neurobiology and behavior. The first question to address in the general schema of this essay is: What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple Sclerosis also commonly referred to as MS is considered an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS). The key to understanding MS is to recognize its relationship to the human immune system. The immune system is an intricate
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The transmission of electrical impulses will be hindered as a direct consequence of damaged or destroyed myelin. One may ask why does the body begin to attack and destroy the myelin? This question ultimately leads to the inquiry: What causes multiple sclerosis? The response is that the exact origin of MS is unknown, and that scientists and researchers suspect that the damage to the myelin results from an abnormal response by the body's immune system. In other wards science cannot explain this phenomena. However, research is making advances in the area of MS, and the future for those who are affected by multiple sclerosis appears to be more optimistic.

In most recent years, scientists have created a group of tools that provide them with the capacity to target the genetic influences that make an individual prone to multiple sclerosis. Molecular genetics has provided a model for which these instruments are utilized to separate and determine the chemical structure of genes. Since the 1980's, scientists have begun to apply the tools of molecular genetics to human diseases that are attributed to genetic defects in individual genes. Now, some scientists are convinced that one may be "susceptible to MS only if she or he inherits an unlucky combination of alterations in several genes." An example that demonstrates progress in the area of MS research; by 1996 it was reported that up to twenty locations that may contain
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