Multiple Sclerosis Is The Most Common Neurological Disorder

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According to the Multiple Sclerosis Association of America, multiple sclerosis is the most common neurological disorder diagnosed in young adults (Gale). Multiple sclerosis could and can be a dangerous disease, it attacks the central nervous system by breaking down the myelin protective coating around the brain and spinal cord, thus affecting nerve impulses to be slowed down. Multiple sclerosis is also known as disseminated sclerosis (Gale). “Multiple” because it affects many areas in the brain and scleroids (sclerosis) are hardened, scarred patches due to damaged areas of myelin (Campanella and Zawada). Multiple sclerosis can be unpredictable and also a disabling disease to many people.
The first written report of multiple sclerosis was in 1400, when Lydwina of Schieden was diagnosed. The disease was described clinically by Jean-Martin Charcot in 1877. He recognized that the disease affected the nervous system and tried remedies, with no success. In 1890, suppression of sweat was thought to be the cause of multiple sclerosis, treatment was electrical stimulation and bed rest. By 1910, multiple sclerosis was thought to be caused by toxins in blood. In the 1930s, poor circulation was yet again believed to cause multiple sclerosis. In the 1950s through the 1970s, multiple sclerosis was thought to be causes by allergies. It wasn’t until the 1980s when multiple sclerosis was finally understood and treatment was developed (Campanella and Zawada).
The causes of multiple sclerosis
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