Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable, immune mediated disease of the central nervous system (CNS) (Definition of MS). This disease is estimated to affect more than 400,000 people in the United States alone, and about 2.5 million worldwide. In the United States, about 200 new cases of MS are discovered weekly (Pietrangelo, Anne and Higuera, Valencia) . In a healthy person, an insulation covering called myelin, coats the nerve fibers in the CNS (Article from mom). When one develops MS, the communication between their brain and other parts of his/her body is disrupted as “an abnormal immune-mediated response” attacks the myelin coating that encloses nerve fibers in the CNS. This causes a disturbance in communication between the CNS and…show more content…
The symptoms are determined by the location of the plaques. Symptoms associated with plaques in the spinal cord include: numbness or loss of feeling, weakness, bladder difficulties, bowel difficulties, sexual dysfunction, and disturbances in feeling in the limbs or on the trunk (Rosner & Ross). Symptoms associated with plaques in the brain stem include: eye movement abnormalities, imbalance, incoordination, speech disorders, emotional disturbances, and facial nerve abnormalities (Rosner & Ross). Symptoms associated with plaques in the optic nerve include blurred vision, vision loss, impaired depth perception, and pain or tenderness followed by headaches (Rosner & Ross).
When one has MS, many complications can occur. MS can lead to depression, and other mental changes such as forgetfulness or moodiness (Mayo Clinic Staff). It also can lead to epilepsy and paralysis. The loss of function and sensory may occur in the limbs. It also can prompt muscle stiffness or muscle spasms (Mayo Clinic Staff). Although there are many complications, the majority of the symptoms and complications of MS are not fatal. MS does not affect life expectancy, as much as the quality of one’s life (Madell,
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