Multiple Sclerosis (Ms) Is A Disease That Impacts The Brain,

1040 WordsApr 20, 20175 Pages
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease that impacts the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves, which is together known as the Central Nervous System (CNS). It is perhaps one of the most common neurological disorders, affecting about 1 per 1,000 of the population (Beaumont, 2008). Multiple Sclerosis means “Multiple Scars” due to the many scars (lesions) that are located in the CNS. This disease involves two main systems in the body, the Central Nervous System and the Immune System. The Central Nervous System is one of the most important systems in the body. About everything you do focuses on this system functioning properly. When there is interruption with this system, many things you do on a day-to-day basis will be interrupted. This…show more content…
The four main types of Multiple Sclerosis are Relapsing-remitting MS, Secondary Progressive MS, Primary Progressive MS, and Progressive Relapsing MS. “Symptoms occur in any area served by the myelinated nerves of the central white matter of the brain, brain stem, and spinal cord” (Murray, 2005). Symptoms include: weakness or sensory changes in the limbs (legs); unsteadiness; difficulty with bladder control; visual changes; vertigo; facial numbness or weakness; or double vision (Murray, 2005). Because different areas of the brain and spinal cord are responsible for different kinds of movements and sensations, the neurologic deficit that results from an area of scarring depends on the exact location of the abnormality (Schapiro, 2007). These abnormalities Schapiro (2007) means are lesions in any part of the Central Nervous System. These symptoms and harshness of the symptoms all vary depending on where that damage in the Central Nervous System has occurred. No case of Multiple Sclerosis is exactly alike from patient to patient and because of that, symptoms vary considerably. The most common, presenting symptom is optic neuritis, which generally involves unilateral visual loss (Béthoux, Fox & Rae-Grant, 2013). Optic neuritis is due to the optic nerve being affected, which is an extension of the brain and contains central CNS myelinated nerves (Murray, 2005). Optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic
Open Document