Multistep Synthesis Chemistry Experiment

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Multistep Synthesis of Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone

In this laboratory experiment a synthesis was performed through several separate steps. The purpose of the experiment was to synthesize tetraphenylcyclopentadienone from benzaldehyde and to run reactions on carbonyl containing compounds. There was a total of three steps that led up to the synthesis of the final product, tetraphenylcyclopentadienone. The first step of the experiment was the condensation of benzaldehyde to yield benzoin. Thiamine catalyst along with water and ethanol were added to the benzaldehyde, then NaOH was added until the solution turned yellow. After recrystallization, the product was benzoin. Step two was the oxidation of benzoin to benzil.
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The pipet was put into the top of the condenser and leaving no open spaces. The vacuum served to get rid of the nitrogen oxide gases that were formed during the oxidation reaction. The solution was heated for 30 minutes, beginning the time when the first sign of nitrogen oxide fumes were observed. After the 30 minutes, the solution was removed and cooled for a few minutes. The solution turned was a brownish-yellow color and all the crystal were dissolved, leaving a liquid. The solution was then transferred, using a Pasteur pipet, to 3 mL of water in a beaker. The reaction flask was rinsed to remove the remainder of the solution. The solution was stirred with a glass rod until room temperature of the solution was achieved. A yellow solid was to form, but instead the solution remained aqueous in the case of the specific experiment explained here. With additional scraping of the solution with a glass rod, no crystals formed at all. The next procedure, if the crystals had formed was to crush the solid with the glass rod and filter the solid until the crystals were dry. The mass would then be weighed and the crystals were to be recrystallized with 95% ethanol. The crystals were to be cooled in ice water to get full crystallization and then the crystals were to be filtered and air dried, then weighed.
Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone: Since the benzil did not form in the previous

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