Municipal Solid Waste Management ( Mswm ) Essay

1606 WordsMar 19, 20167 Pages
India has undergone a transition from an agricultural-based nation to industrial and services-oriented country. The population living in the urban areas accounts for about 31.2%. Annually, about 12 million tons of inert wastes are generated in India from street sweeping and C&D waste and in the landfill sites which as a whole occupies about one-third of total MSW. In India, MSWM is governed by Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000 (MSWR) and implementation of MSWR is a major concern of urban local bodies (ULBs) across the country. Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) being a crucial element towards sustainable metropolitan development, comprises segregation, storage, collection, relocation, carry-age, processing, and disposal of solid waste to minimize its adverse impact on environment. There have been several studies that throws light on the fact that reutilizing of solid waste is not only a vital option to MSWM (Kasseva & Mbuligwe, 2000; Sudhir, Muraleedharan, & Srinivasan, 1996) but also desirable—socially, economically, and environmentally (Kaseva & Gupta, 1996; Misra & Pandey, 2005; Schoot Uiterkamp, Azadi, & Ho, 2011). One of the significant problems in urban India is almost no segregation of MSW and disposal of construction and demolition debris (C&D), plastic wastes, commercial and industrial refuses, and e-waste (Buenrostro & Bocco, 2003). Our climatic conditions are changing because of the potential effects of the rising levels of the

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