Municipal Solid Waste ( Msw )

1380 Words Aug 10th, 2016 6 Pages
Municipal solid waste (MSW) publicly known as trash or garbage is defined according to the Landfill directive (1999) as waste from households as well as other waste streams that are similar in composition. Generally, MSW can be characterized as waste coming from residential, institutional, commercial and industrial sources and they include; product packaging, kitchen waste, papers, plastics, garden waste etc. MSW does not include construction and demolition debris, automobile industries, waste water sludge, etc. (EPA, 2006). Table 2.1 comprises as sources of MSW and their examples.
Residential Kitchen waste, yard trimmings, food packaging, cans, newspapers, clothing, disposable tableware
Commercial: restaurants, office buildings, retail and wholesale establishments Papers, office disposable table ware, yard trimming, boxes, food scraps
Institutional: schools and libraries Office waste papers, rest room and cafeteria trash can waste, class room waste and yard trimmings
Industrial: packaging and administrative waste Plastic film, lunch room waste, office papers, boxes and wood pallets etc. Table 2.1 Sources of MSW and their Examples (Gary, 2010)

MSW is a heterogeneous feedstock containing materials with widely varying sizes, shapes and composition. This can be difficult to feed into thermal treatment plants especially gasifiers (Valkenburg et al., 2008) and can lead to variable behavior of the treatment process. The…
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