Muscular Dystrophy : A Disease That Destroys The Muscles

1883 Words Dec 7th, 2015 8 Pages
Vyvenne Moore
11-28-2015
Muscular Dystrophy
Muscular Dystrophy is a disease that destroys the muscles. As the disease progresses the muscles start to weaken and deteriorate. Over time, the person will start losing their ability to function, move, and in many cases can lead to the death.
There are over 30 types of Muscular Dystrophy. I am only going to discuss a few of the most common kinds. The first one I am going to discuss is the most common type and the most severe type of Muscular Dystrophy, Duchene Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). This type of MD affects mostly boys between the ages of 3 and 5 and accounts for over 50% of all cases. This deficiency is caused by a lack of dystrophin, a protein that helps reinforce muscle fibers and shield them from injury. This type of disease progresses very fast and by the age of 12 most can’t walk. Some of the signs you might see in an individual with this disease are falling down, trouble getting up from lying down or sitting position, and a swayed gate. As the disease further progresses they will need to be placed on a respirator which can lead to complications and by their early 20’s most pass away (5).
Becker MD is seen mostly in males between the ages of 11and 25. This type is also caused by the lack of dystrophin but not all of the cases develop rapidly like the Duchenne MD. Some will progress quickly while others will progress at much slower pace. This weakening of the muscles may cause some people to need a wheelchair but others…

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