Muscular Dystrophy : A Muscular Disease

1075 Words Nov 11th, 2015 5 Pages
Muscular Dystrophy
The topic I chose is muscular dystrophy as a muscular disease, when we break the word down into word parts, muscul/o means muscle, -ar means pertaining to, dys- means abnormal and, -trophy means development. Muscular dystrophy is Inherited disease causing a progressive muscle degeneration,weakness, and atrophy. There are many different kinds of muscular dystrophy. They all cause muscle weakness and muscle loss. In muscular dystrophy, abnormal genes interferes with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscles.
The main signs of muscular dystrophy are progressive muscle weakness, trouble breathing or swallowing and losing the ability to walk. Specific signs and symptoms begin at different ages and in different muscle groups, and also it depends on the type of muscular dystrophy. For example, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, about half of people with muscular dystrophy have this variety or diversity. Although girls can be carriers and mildly affected, the disease typically affects boys. Signs and symptoms typically appear between the ages of 2 and 3, and may include frequent falls, difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting position, trouble running and jumping waddling gait, walking on the toes, large calf muscles, muscle pain and stiffness, and learning disabilities.
In each form of muscular dystrophy is caused by a genetic mutation particular to that type of the disease. Many of these actions are inherited but, some occur spontaneously…
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