Muscular Dystrophy And Its Effects On The Body

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Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause an abnormal progressive deteriorating of the muscles, leading to muscle weakness. Many different types of dystrophy are known, characterized by the muscle groups affected. The disease is caused from a genetic mutation that prevents a protein essential for normal muscle activity from being made, or being produced correctly. In each type of muscular dystrophy, a different protein is irregular (Emery, 2008). Furthermore, because this disease is due to a genetic mutation, there is no cure to fix the mutation. Therefore treatment is used to attend to the problems caused by the dystrophy and treatment strives to create a pleasant life for the patient. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, treatment methods include multiple types of therapy, including respiratory, physical, speech, drug, and occupational, as well as surgery (NINDS, 2011). Hydrotherapy, a type of physical therapy in water and its effects on muscular dystrophy patients will be focused on in the succeeding study. BACKGROUND: The most common muscular dystrophy is Duchenne dystrophy (Emery 2008). Due to a genetic defect only on the X chromosome, this disease is present primarily in males. The University of California Los Angeles found the occurrence at 1 out of every 5000 males in countries that provide genetic counseling (UCLA). The protein discovered that is absent is dystrophin, a protein essential in the membrane of muscle
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