Muscular Dystrophy And Related Diseases

1006 WordsApr 17, 20175 Pages
Muscular Dystrophy in Pediatric Patients A muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that is associated with progressive weakness and loss of an individual’s muscle mass. The condition causes the abnormal genes to interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscles. There is no medical cure for muscular dystrophy and related diseases, but strategies such as medication and therapy are used to manage the symptoms and slow the course of the disease. There are more than 30 types of muscular dystrophy, and the difference is based on the genes that cause it, the age when the symptoms appear first, how quickly the disease progresses and the muscles it affects (Tecklin, 2015). Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker…show more content…
A wider base of support along with ITB contractures is commonly associated with the disease. Functional activities may still be conserve until the age of 6 or 7, by the age of 9-10 a rapidly decline of functional activities is observable. On the other hand Becker muscular dystrophy is the mildest version of the muscular conditions, individuals can maintain independent ambulation until the age of 16. Etiology for BMD its very similar to DDM, however dystrophin production its sufficient with good quantity and quality which will allow the breakdown to occur at slower rate than DDM. Symptoms for BMD its usually present between the age of 5 and 15, however the onset is variable, patients usually live until their fourth decade (Tecklin, 2015). Other clinical presentation associated with both conditions are Cardiac, Gastrointestinal, Cognitive, and Respiratory involvement. Since the decline in motor activities over the course of the disease cannot be avoided, it is important to use functional assessment scales for use in clinical follow-up, establishment of functional diagnosis and therapeutic decisions making. Several functional scales exist for the assessment of individuals with diseases associated with neuromuscular. Subsequently, the Vignos scale (VS) lays more focus on functional activities involving the lower limbs
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