Muscular Dystrophy Is The Most Common Type Among Children

1369 Words Jul 2nd, 2015 6 Pages
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of genetically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive symmetric wasting of skeletal muscles without evidence of neurologic involvement (Lewis, 2011). There are four different types of muscular dystrophy. The four types are Duchenne, Becker, Landouzy-Dejerine, and Erb. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common type among children. It only affects boys; it’s passed down from the mother. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is created from X-linked recessive gene from the mother. About one in thirty-five hundred boys are born with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The boys will experience weakening of the muscles, wasting and contractures and inability to walk by themselves by the time they even reach eleven years old. Unfortunately, this disease can lead to an early death. Death usually occurs at about twenty year’s old due to respiratory or heart failure. Boys are at risk for contracting pneumonia easily due to the effects on the respiratory muscles. Heart problems, Scoliosis, and Obesity are all additional health problems that can be associated with muscular dystrophy. Another common less severe type of muscular dystrophy seen in pediatric boys is Becker muscular dystrophy. The two forms of muscular dystrophy are similar to each other. Girls are very seldom affected by muscular dystrophy.
Even though, Duchenne muscular dystrophy is present at birth, signs and symptoms do not appear until the young boy is three to five years of age.…
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