Museum and Tourism

25584 Words Aug 7th, 2013 103 Pages
Museums and tourism
Stakeholders, resource and sustainable development

Master’s Dissertation International Museum Studies Museion/Göteborg University Spring term 2004 Author: Guðbrandur Benediktsson Supervisor: Cajsa Lagerkvist

LIST OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. INTRODUCTION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1. Aims and objectives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2. Theoretical approaches and sources. . . . . . . . . .

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2. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.1. What is a museum? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2.2. What is tourism? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3. MUSEUMS AND CULTURAL TOURISM. . . . .
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It is also relevant to one of the main considerations in the museum world today regarding the public dimension – where “the balance of power in museums is shifting from those who care for objects to include, and often prioritise, those who care for people.”3 This focus on museum audiences does have a strong link to tourism, since tourists are a part of the audiences and for some museums even a large part of the total number of visitors.4 Therefore it is important for museums to consider what kind of audiences the tourists are and their relationship with the museum in question. Tourism has extensive economic, social and political influence almost everywhere in the world.5 During the past decade, cultural tourism has proved itself being the fastestgrowing aspect of tourism and it is predicted that in the coming years it “will only continue to grow as tourists become more sophisticated and as more people can afford to travel globally.”6 The economic influence of tourism, including cultural tourism, has long been recognized,7 but now greater attention is being paid to its overall social impact, “which can be positive or negative, depending on how tourism is planned and managed.”8 Basically that is a

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See for example David Brett’s book, The Construction of Heritage. [Book cover] The reason I have chosen to deal with that specific type of museum is because I am
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