Music And Ancient Music

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Music has pervaded human life, for over thousands of years. In its very early stages, music was highly improvised. In fact, much of it was either passed down through generations of practice, and memory. This unfortunately left music unrecorded- meaning there was, and still is, a lack of tangible proof , as well as articulation of how and when it was performed in many ancient cultures. It wasn't until 2000 BC. that the earliest form of musical notation was attempted. Found in cuneiform recorded on a clay tablet in Nippur, a town in the ancient society of Sumer, was the first recorded early musical instruction. The tablet represents vague instructions for performing the music, though they dictate that the music was composed in harmonies of thirds, and written using a diatonic scale (Kilmer). Like Sumerians, many other ancient cultures used ambiguous symbols in representation of melody and rhythm. This unfortunately limits today's understanding of ancient music. Fortunately, many formal contributions to notation and musical pedagogy were slowly implemented in the following centuries by the Roman Catholic church and its followers- especially during the Medieval period.
A particular figure that was arguably one of the most highly influential to the creation of formal musical notation and pedagogy,was a man named Guido of Arezzo. Guido drafted and composed treatises to supplement Gregorian Chant - a source for learning singers. In the last of his 4 treatises, the Epistola,
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