Music History Through the Middle Ages, Rennisance, Baroque, Etc...

2017 Words Mar 29th, 2005 9 Pages
Music has evolved too many different forms that we recognize today. We trace this development throughout time. Beginning in the middle ages, we have seen advancement from the Gregorian chant all the way to the Jazz of the 20th century. The current events, politics, religion, technology and composers can shape musical eras during time. Here I will look at the middle ages, renaissance, baroque, classical, romantic and twentieth century periods. I hope that a better understanding can be reached to why, when, where and who are the reasons for musical evolution.
Middle Ages
Beginning with fall of Rome in 476a.d. the first half of this millennium is referred to as the "dark ages". In society, all power flowed from the king with the
…show more content…
Absolute monarch dominated this era. Louis XIV is a prime of example of taking money from the people and using it to build a marvelous palace while commoners starved to death. Despite this poverty, Kepler, Galileo Copernicus and Descartes emerged as prominent contributors to the world in physics, astronomy and mathematics. Protestants were centered in England, Scandinavia, and Holland and north German cities. Catholic held two dynasties, the French Bourbons and the Austrian-Spanish Hapsburgs who fought each other as much as they fought the Protestants. Eventfully the Hapsburg Empire was broken in the 1790's. The Baroque introduced new harmonic structures. The system none as Basso continuo required two instruments for the accompaniment. Major-minor tonality became the most powerful force in music. Each chord assumed in function to the key center. Composers used this with equal temperament to increase the range of harmonic possibilities. Music style during the Baroque era had a rhythmic freedom that became more vigorous. Continuous melody was now a part of music and incorporated the use of dissonance. Composers used these for emotional intensity and color. They also used a contrast between a soft passage and a loud one to show terraced-dynamics. A virtuoso musician was needed now more than ever because of composers writing music that is more complicated. Opera utilized a