Music Therapy Dementia

Decent Essays
Music therapy is today a widespread treatment for a wide range of psychological, psychiatric and physical conditions. Webster Dictionary defines music therapy as “the treatment of disease as a mental illness by means of music” (Music, 2015). The profession “Music Therapist” was established around 1950. Music therapy and other music interventions such as music listening are widely used both as an alternative and as supplementary to pharmacological treatments. The dictionary site also defines dementia as a “usually progressive condition as Alzheimer's disease marked by the development of multiple cognitive deficits as memory impairment, aphasia, and inability to plan and initiate complex behavior” (Dementia, 2015). Demented patients…show more content…
In the clinical literature, problematic disruptive behaviors are often referred to as agitation (Vink, A. C., Zuidersma, M., Boersma, F., Jonge, P., Zuidema, S. U., & Slaets, J. J., 2013). A study conducted in China looked at the behaviors effected with music therapy; the conductors of the research experiment investigated the effects of group music intervention on behavioral symptoms in patients with dementia. Twenty patients were non-randomly allocated to either a music-intervention group or the usual care group (Ae-Na, C., Myeong Soo, L., Kwang-Jo, C., & Jung-Sook, L., 2009). The music-intervention group received 50 minutes of music intervention 3 times per week for 5 consecutive weeks. After 15 sessions, the music-intervention group showed significant improvement with agitation, and the total scores of both patients and caregivers were lower, compared with the control group (Ae-Na, C. et al., 2009). These findings suggest that music can improve behavioral and psychological symptoms, especially in patients with dementia and their caregivers. All this research, but how effective is music intervention in…show more content…
The subjects were elderly persons who suffered from dementia and resided in nursing facilities. In total, 104 participants were recruited by randomization. Of the 100 subjects who completed this study, 49 were in the experimental group and 51 were in the control group (Chu, H., C.-Y. Yang, Y. Lin, K.-L. Ou, T.-Y. Lee, A. P. O’Brien, and K.-R. Chou (2013). The experimental group received a total of twelve 30 minutes group music intervention sessions, conducted twice a week for six consecutive weeks, while the control group participated in normal daily activities (Chu, H. et al., 2013). In order to measure the effectiveness of the therapeutic sessions, assessments were conducted before the intervention, at the 6th and 12th group sessions, and at 1 month after cessation of the intervention (Chu, H. et al., 2013). After the group music therapy intervention, the experimental group showed better performance at the 6th and 12th sessions, and at 1 month after cessation of the intervention based on reductions in agitated behavior in general, physically non-aggressive behavior, verbally non-aggressive behavior, and physically aggressive behavior, while a reduction in verbally aggressive behavior was shown only at the 6th session (Chu, H. et al., 2013). Researchers put music therapy to demonstrate how applicable music therapy is in a nursing
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