Music Therapy Improve Depression Among Older Adults

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Part II Looking back at the patient in case 1, it is important to look at other ways to treat the patient 's depression. The patient’s depression lead to other things, like her hopelessness and anxiety, as addressed in my nursing diagnoses. It is often helpful to look outside of medicinal practices to find ways to help our patients. I was able to find literature addressing interventions that discussed relaxation techniques to help patients with depression, more specifically music therapy. I wanted to answer the clinical question: does music therapy improve depression among older adults? I wanted to look at a population of older adults, since my patient was 87, and the intervention of music therapy as opposed to no intervention, and the outcome of improved depression. I found two articles on this topic: Effect of music on depression levels and physiological responses in community-based older adults (Moon Fai Chan, Engle Angela Chan, Esther Mok, and Fionca Yuk Kwan Tse, 2009) (Article 1) and Effects of music on depression in older people: a randomised controlled trial (Moon Fai Chan, Zi Yang Wong, Hideaki Onishi, and Naidu Vellasamy Thayala, 2011) (Article 2), which both looked at music as an intervention for older adults with depression. I used the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Research Evidence Appraisal tool to evaluate both articles. Article 1 My first article looked at a group of older adults in Hong Kong to determine if music therapy in 30-minute
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