Music Therapy On Depression Compared With Psychotherapy

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According to the World Health Organization, depression affects over 300 million people worldwide. Many treatments have been created to combat this disease, which at its worst results in suicide and death. Treatments often include psychotherapy and antidepressants. Researchers have been seeking other ways that depression can be treated. One such alternate treatment is music therapy. The application of music to treat depression in various patients has been proven to be equally or more successful than psychotherapy, therefore music therapy is a viable treatment for depression.

Supporting Research
Effects of Music Therapy on Depression Compared with Psychotherapy In a study carried out by Dr. Sergio Castillo-Pérez, Virginia
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The Beck Depression Inventory is a rating system that measures different symptoms and other attributes of depression, according to the American Psychological Association. The BDI was given to the patients weekly and that was how the researchers quantified their findings.
Based on the self-reporting of the patients, the researchers determined that music therapy was more successful in relieving symptoms of depression than other methods of treatment, particularly psychotherapy. Using the statistical Friedman test, the p-value was 0.0356, essentially meaning that the data was in favor of music therapy as a treatment for depression.

Individual Music Therapy for Depression: Randomised Controlled Trial
In this study, performed by Jaakko Erkkilä, Marko Punkanen, Jörg Fachner, Esa Ala-Ruona, Inga Pöntiö, Mari Tervaniemi, Mauno Vanhala and Christian Gold (2011), music therapy was aligned with the psychological treatment already being provided to the participants. Among 79 participants of various ages from 18 to 50 years old, they all had depression as a primary diagnosis, and most had anxiety as well, which is a common comorbid disorder. This study tested the efficiency of music therapy when applied in conjunction to primary psychological care being received by the participants, and the researchers were looking for any evidence that suggested that music therapy could be used to treat psychologically depressed individuals.
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