Music Through The Measurement Of Skin Conductance Level ( Scl )

2507 Words Mar 30th, 2015 11 Pages
A highly regarded art form, music aids in defining cultural phenomenon that individuals use to experience, communicate and express emotional states. Music is also known to evoke an emotional response that is associated with physiological arousal (Olsen & Stevens, 2013). Past and present research has defined arousal as an early emotional response. The present study seeks to examine physiological response (anxiety) in response to classical music through the measurement of skin conductance level (SCL). The purpose of this study is to determine if music affects, specifically lowers, the amount of physiological arousal (anxiety) experienced by a participant while listening to classical music. SCL works by passing an electrical current across the skin. Through the vascular theory, activity on sweat glands was proven to be critical for electrodermal activity (EDA) (Dawson, Schell & Filion, 2007). Heart rate, blood pressure, skin conductance, pulse, body temperature and muscle tension are responses regulated by the autonomic brainstem (Chanda & Levitin, 2013). Each of these responses are stimulated by music. Due to this, EDA measurements are useful when observing autonomic responses. A rapid fluctuation in sweat gland activity occurs when acetylcholine is released by the sympathetic nervous system, allowing for the measurement of EDA. EDA is an ideal study tool because emotions are brief and event related (Khalfa, Peretz, Blondin, & Manon, 2002). If music with more complex sounds…
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