Music of the Philippines

3143 Words Jul 16th, 2012 13 Pages
Group 1, 4M Anupol, Cayabyab, Chua, Luarca, Shimamoto, Torio, Yumol

Music, 3rd Term

PHILIPPINE MUSIC
I. YEAR AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Philippine Music is divided into four eras or traditions, namely Ethnic, Spanish Colonial, American Colonial and Contemporary traditions. Majority of Philippine Music really revolves around cultural influence from the West, due primarily to the Spanish and American rule for over 3 centuries. Oriental (ethnic) musical backgrounds are still alive, but mainly thrive in highland and lowland barrios where there is little Western influence. II. THE ERAS ETHNIC TRADITION (9th to early 16th century) Philippine ethnic musical traditions are diverse in nature, although there are many common instruments and
…show more content…
In singing before, the groups sing in solo or by group and some songs were sung by accompaniment. Another form that was exemplified is the “A capella”. An A capella is a vocal composition without an instrumental accompaniment. The groups also did this when they sing in solo or by group without using any instruments in the background. And lastly, they ethnic music also showed the form “Sonata”. Some of their compositions were only instrumental and the most instrumental compositions were used in their rituals and other worldly activities.

SPANISH COLONIAL TRADITION (1521 – 1898) Spanish musical influence is mainly motivated to bring the Christian faith closer to the natives. The Spanish regime gave new form to Philippine music in particular. Songs, epics native drums and gongs were overshadowed by the Christian chants and the harmony of new Western instruments namely the organ, harp and the guitar. Unfortunately for Philippine music, the arrival of the Spaniards also meant the forced eradication of ethnic music and old traditions. Performing ethnic music was highly discouraged, thus slowly disappearing, although some traditions still exist.

The formal rise of liturgical music started when missionaries taught European religious music to the new Christians. These converts proved to be good and interested in learning the plainsong, the flute, the harp, and the guitar. After fifty years since the conquest, music schools
Open Document