Music 's Influence On The Anti Apartheid Movement

2645 Words May 4th, 2015 11 Pages
Music’s Influence on the Anti-Apartheid Movement

In 1948, the white government of South Africa began creating one of the most brutal systems of racial segregation the world has ever known. Under the minority rule of Afrikaners -- a Southern African ethnic group descending from Dutch settlers in the 17th century -- a unique system of racial separation and white supremacy called apartheid was created and legislated against the majority black inhabitants. Apartheid is an Afrikaans word which translates to “the state of being apart.” Lasting from 1948 until the early 1990s, an exploitative and unjust political system was imposed on the black native people of Africa. Dutch and British colonists dispossessed them of their homes, families, and basic natural rights, all the while arresting and murdering those who resisted their discriminatory policies. The National Party was a political group elected by an all-white electorate that ruled from 1948 to 1994. Although whites in South Africa comprised only 20 percent of the population, they were able to usurp control of the country. Blacks accounted for approximately 70 percent -- the majority by a large margin. Despite comprising the vast majority, the black population was subjected to the discriminatory and inhumane legislation forcing them out of their houses and into crowded, desolate ‘townships,’ while the rest of the land was allocated to whites. In fact, under apartheid 87 percent of South Africa’s land was reserved for…
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