Mussolini Rise to Power

800 Words4 Pages
Mussolini Benito Mussolini appears to stride through 20th-century Italian history like a buffoon, a fascist dictator whose ludicrous posing was dwarfed by the incalculably more sinister nature of Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime. Young socialist Mussolini was born in 1883. As a young man, he was a rousing orator, a tireless journalist – and a socialist. In 1912, after years of hack journalism and self-promotion, he was appointed editor of the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti!, preaching left wing revolution. But, when the First World War broke out, and Mussolini called for Italy to ally itself with France, he was expelled from the party, whose policy was neutrality. When Italy joined the war, Mussolini fought in the army, then after peace in…show more content…
There was no systematic discrimination against Jews; and political opponents were imprisoned or exiled to remote regions of Italy rather than thrown into concentration camps. Fatal attraction In 1933, Hitler came to power in Germany. Although Mussolini was the senior Fascist, he soon recognised Hitler as the dominant figure on the European stage. Reversing his earlier policies, and despite the fact that he had once had a Jewish mistress, Mussolini introduced anti-Semitic legislation. In 1935, Mussolini tried to demonstrate Italy's power by invading Abyssinia (now Ethiopia). The following year, Italy joined Germany in providing military support to General Franco's Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War, while Hitler supported Mussolini's fantasies about a new Italian empire. In 1940, Italy entered the Second World War on Germany's side. Mismanaged, ill-equipped and worn down by years of fighting in Abyssinia and Spain, Italian forces were routed in Greece and got bogged down in North Africa. In the spring of 1943, they were driven out of Africa; on 10 July, Allied forces landed in Sicily. Soon after, Mussolini was deposed by the Fascist Grand Council and the king. In September, Italy signed an armistice with the Allies, and Mussolini was arrested and held in a remote hotel in the Apennines. But Hitler couldn't let Italy fall without a fight: the Germans invaded the country, Mussolini was rescued
Open Document