Mussolini's Foreign Policy

1910 Words Apr 19th, 2013 8 Pages
MUSSOLINI’S FOREIGN POLICY

In the early days of Mussolini’s regime (he came to power in 1922), Italian foreign policy seemed rather confused: Mussolini knew what he wanted, which was ‘to make Italy great, respected and feared.’ But he was not sure how to achieve this, apart from agitating for a revision of the 1919 peace settlement in Italy’s favour. At first he seemed to think an adventurous foreign policy was his best line of action, hence the Corfu Incident and the occupation of Fiume in 1923. By an agreement signed at Rapallo in 1920, Fiume was to be a ‘free city’, used jointly by Italy and Yugoslavia; after Italian troops moved in, Yugoslavia agreed that it should belong to Italy. After these early successes, Mussolini became
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The League condemened Italy as an aggressor and applied ecnomic sanctions; but these were useless because they did not include banning sales of oil and coal.
4) when the Spanish civil war took place in 1936, Mussolini sent extensive help to Franco, the right wing Nationalist leader, hoping to establish a third fascist state in Europe and to get naval bases in Spain from which he could threaten France. His justification was that he wanted to prevent the spread of Communism.
An understanding was reached with Hitler known as the Rome- Berlin axis. M said this was a line drawn between Rome and Berlin, around which ‘alll European states that desired peace can revolve’ In 1937, Italy joined the Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany and Japan, in which all three pledged to stand side by side against Communism. The reversal of his previous policy and friendship with Germany was not universally popular in Italy and disillusionment with Mussolini began to spread.
5) his popularity revived temporarily with his part in the Munich agreement of September 1938 which seemed to have secured peace. But Mussolini failed to draw the right conclusions from his own people’s relief (that most of them did not want another war) and committed yet another form of aggression.
6) In April 1939, Italian troops suddenly occupied Albania, meeting very little resistance. This was a pointless operation, since Albania was already under Italian economic control,
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