Muted Group Theory ( Mgt )

1737 WordsApr 25, 20167 Pages
Muted Group Theory (MGT) is a critical theory because it is focuses on the power structure and how it is used against certain people and groups. At times, critical theories can divide the powerful and the powerless into a number of different ways. MGT chooses to split the power spectrum into two main categories, men and women. This MGT helps us to understand any groups that are silenced by the lack of power in their language. In dominate groups or activity groups, there are members who have less power that tend to fall silenced. One idea of MGT is that members of stifled groups may, at least at times, experience a doubtfulness of existence, seeing reality both as it is experienced from a dominant perspective and also from their own, muted, perspective. For example, when there is a “dominant” language or activity in a group, there are members who have “lower-power” and could feel silenced because of their lack of knowledge in that language or activity. “The two main components within MGT are dominant and subordinate groups.”(Wall) These are categorized into relationships between men and women.Edwin & Shirley Ardener, two social anthropologists, came up with the idea of MGT in the 1960s.They “focused on the ways that the communication practices of dominant groups suppress, mute, or devalue the words, ideas, and discourses of subordinate groups”. (Kramarae) Cheris Kramarae took MGT a step further when she brought it into the field of communication studies. In every group

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