My Paper On Pleural Effusions

1674 WordsMar 8, 20177 Pages
Etiology Imagine waking up in the morning to the discomfort of not being able to take a proper ventilation. Horrible, right? This is what people who have pleural effusions feel. I chose to do my paper on pleural effusions. Pleural effusions are a collection of fluid in the pleural space, the cavity surrounding the lungs. Typically, there is 10 mL of fluid in this space to lubricate the pleura, however when disrupted by diseases such as pneumonia, pulmonary embolisms, congestive heart failure, or cancer, fluid begins to third space and collect in abnormal amounts. The biggest challenge then becomes dyspnea and tachypnea. This is because the extra fluid decreases pressure making it difficult for the lung to fully expand. Pleural effusions…show more content…
Prevention Respiratory Therapists are part of the multidisciplinary team. Patient education by all member across the spectrum is vital. In order to embed prevention measures in a patient’s head, repetition must occur by all healthcare personnel. According to Liu (2014), primary prevention involves the education of pneumococcal immunizations to prevent pleural effusions from pneumonia. As previously mentioned, pulmonary embolisms are a common cause of pleural effusions, therefore educating about the importance of exercise and compliance with anticoagulants is significant. Educating early on about smoking cessation can help prevent pleural effusions in the long run. The average American has a fifth grade reading level, therefore use language that can be understood. Sitting with your patients at eye level while establishing trust and rapport will aid in their compliance with education provided to prevent pleural effusions. Patient education about prevention is often times bypassed due to time constraints, therefore educate and engage in conversation before, during, and after respiratory treatment. Pleural Effusions IV Pathophysiology Understanding what the human body undergoes when pleural effusions are present is important to truly prevent the recurrence of disease. Basically an increase in hydrostatic pressure causes pleural fluid accumulation. A decrease in colloid osmotic pressure

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