1. What is the common name for Mr. Thomas’ condition? Look this condition up in a reference
Myocardial infarction occurs when one of the coronary arteries become blocked, and can no longer carry oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. If the heart muscle does not receive oxygenated blood, the heart tissue begins to die. 42% of all deaths from cardiovascular disease is caused by myocardial infarction. Sometimes there is no symptoms, but most people may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, or nausea. The pain could be mild or severe, and persistent or intermittent.
In December of 1992, my paternal grandfather suffered a heart attack. He had been hauling several 50 lb. sacks of corn up into the deer feeder on his property by himself. He got into his truck, turned the ignition, put it into drive and before he could take his foot off the brake, he was dead. He was 68 years old. I was thirteen and that seemed so old. I remember that prior to the event there were many conversations within my family about the condition of my grandfather’s heart and cardiovascular system and how he needed to make lifestyle changes. I remember him taking nitroglycerine pills. I remember him coming to Dallas to go to an appointment so that they could perform tests with names like “stress EKG.” I
The coronary artery that was occluded in M.T.’s coronary circulation were the right coronary artery. When coronary blood flow is interrupted for an extended period, myocyte necrosis occurs. This results in MI. In the majority of MI, the decrease in coronary flow is the result of atherosclerotic CAD (McCance & Huether, 2014). M.T. is experiencing transmural MI. According to H. Michael Bolooki (2010), a transmural MI is characterized by ischemic necrosis of the full thickness of the affected muscle segment(s), extending from the endocardium through the myocardium to the epicardium. M.T. was exhibiting crushing substernal chest pain radiating down his left arm. He was complaining of dizziness and nausea. During M.T.’s physical exam, he
As we all know that heart attacks are a medicinal condition, and not every medical condition has a similar symptoms in its patients. For example, symptoms of the heart attack may differ from being an old person,
An interesting case I attended to involved an elderly man in his 80s who is a non-smoker and non-alcoholic. He looked grayish, pale and sweaty, which is the typical appearance of a cardiac patient. He presented with chest pain that he gave a pain score of 8/10, and which worsened upon inspiration. He also presented with vomiting and shortness of breath. Electrocardiogram (ECG) indicated a ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Paramedic believes it was an anterior infarct with elevation in V2, V3, V4 leads and reciprocal depression in Leads II, III and aVF. The patient had several risk factors for heart disease such as high blood pressure, being overweight and living a sedentary lifestyle. He has had chest pain previously, but it was
In order for the heart to keep functioning normally, it needs a constant blood supply carrying Oxygen and nutrients to fit the demands of the working myocardial cell. When the blood supply coming from the coronaries to the myocardium cannot fit those demands, a condition called Myocardial Ischemia takes place. If that imbalance between supply and demand persists, a certain cascade of cellular, inflammatory and biochemical events lead to the irreversible death of myocardial cells, resulting in a Myocardial Infarct (MI).
There are many things that men and women that obtain differently. There is a disease that is the top death rate (Krucik, 2014). That many more women get than men. Coronary Artery Disease is the disease that is more common in women than men. Coronary Artery Disease, but it is also known as Coronary Artery Disease and Ischemic Heart Disease, is when the arteries that supplies blood to the heart muscles become hardened and narrowed. It is caused by the buildup of cholesterol and plaque on the inner walls and it also can because of smoking and aging.
Heart attack is blockage of blood flow to heart muscle. Heart attack is also called myocardial infraction. Heart muscles needs oxygen to survive. A heart attack happens when the flow of oxygen rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart cannot get oxygen. If blood flow is not restored quickly, the section of heart muscle begins to die. This happens because coronary arteries that supply the heart muscles with blood flow can slowly become narrow from build-up of fat, cholesterol and other substances.
A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, usually occurs when a blood clot forms inside a coronary artery at the site of an atherosclerotic plaque. The blood clot severely limits or completely cuts off blood flow to part of the heart. In a small percentage of cases, blood flow is cut off when the muscles in the artery wall contract suddenly, constricting the artery. This constriction, called vasospasm, can occur in an artery that is only slightly narrowed by atherosclerosis or even in a healthy artery. Regardless of the cause of a heart attack, the oxygen deprivation is so severe and prolonged that heart muscle cells begin to die for lack of oxygen. About 1.1 million people in the United States have a heart attack every year;
When an individual experiences a myocardial infarction, it is considered a medical emergency and, according to the American Heart Association, every second counts. Therefore, if you are experiencing any of the signs and/or symptoms listed below, you could be having a heart attack and you need to call 9-1-1 right away.
While catheter ablation to terminate ventricular tachycardia (VT) due to myocardial infarction (MI) has been shown to be a promising therapy, the technique’s 30\% failure rate in treating patients has prevented the widespread adoption of the procedure. Recent studies have speculated that the high failure rate could be due to the inadequacy of point-by-point endocardial mapping techniques to detect the complex 3D reentrant pathways arising from the infarct at a sufficiently high resolution. There is an urgent need for new methodologies that can accurately identify post-infarction reentrant sites thereby improving ablation targeting and the efficacy of the therapy.
In 2014, myocardial infarctions were the second lead cause of death in Northern Ireland, proceeded only by malignant neoplasms. (Department of Finance and Personnel. (2015)
Women and the symptoms they experience before having an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has had varying and unpredictable symptoms for decades. Women experience a range of symptoms compared to men who usually report classic symptoms such as chest pain. Though we know most of the symptoms men have preceding an AMI, symptoms experienced by women have not been explored as thoroughly. AMI symptoms have been difficult to identify in women, which has contributed to their misdiagnosis’ and uncertainties about whether to report their symptoms to their physicians. This research article concluded that while there may be uncertainties about whether or not prodromal symptoms lead to future events of AMIs, it has been determined that most women experience similar prodromal symptoms before an AMI. The researchers suggest that prospective longitudinal research studies be conducted to assert the link between prodromal symptoms and future AMIs.
Patients suffering from acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) /Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) are common incidents regularly attended by the Ambulance service on a daily basis. In the United Kingdom, CHD accounts for about one-third of all deaths in people aged 35 years or over and is the leading cause of death (British Heart Foundation 2010).