Myocardial Infarction And The Heart Attack

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A Myocardial Infarction also known as a “heart attack” or acute coronary syndrome is a medical emergency that requires immediate intervention to prevent extenuating damage or death to the muscle that pumps the human body with oxygen therefore, life. Many of those who’ve suffered damage from a heart attack and survived are able to go back to enjoying a normal life if damage is limited with proper treatment and preventive lifestyle changes. This paper will encompass the pathophysiology that is a Myocardial Infarction, and discuss its warnings, treatment, prevention as well as where a patient could find communal support after discharge. The most common way a Myocardial Infarction or “heart attack” occurs, is when one or more of the arteries…show more content…
Men usually experience the hallmark symptom, angina, a combination of pressure, pain, tightness, or squeezing sensation in the chest or arms that may radiate to other areas such as the neck, jaw or back accompanied by nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain, shortness of breath, sweating, lightheadedness or dizziness, feelings of anxiety or an impending sense of doom as well as extreme fatigue. Women on the other hand are commonly found to not have chest pain or pain radiation but instead back pain, nausea, vomiting, epigastric burning and a flushed feeling (Zbierajewski-Eischeid, 2010). When a client comes into a healthcare center with a suspicion of an MI it’s the nurses job to continuously assess, plan, implement prescribed treatments as well as teach both before and after a diagnosis is made. Primary goal for these patients is stabilization. For assessing this patient, the nurse is first assessing their level of consciousness, for shortness of breath, and for signs indicative of decreased oxygen perfusion to the extremities such as pallor or a slow capillary refill. She’s also asking if chest pain has been relieved, about the type of pain, the location and if there was any radiation of pain to another pain of the body and if they feel any palpitations. Auscultating heart and
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