Myocardial Infarction Is A Common Health Threat

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Myocardial infarction is a common health threat that is seen in the healthcare field. A Myocardial infarction happens when the heart has a lack of blood supply caused by a blocked blood vessel. If the heart is not getting adequate blood and oxygen this can damage the heart and cause a myocardial infarction. Blockage is usually caused by plaque that builds up and then occludes the vessel (Craig, J., 2011). It is important as healthcare professionals to understand risk factors, signs and symptoms, and ways to prevent heart attacks. The purpose of this paper will be to educate on modifiable risk factors, ways patients can detect signs of a heart attack, and ways to prevent an attack from happening. Modifiable risk factors for a myocardial…show more content…
Prehypertension is a blood pressure 120-139/80-89. Stage 1 hypertension is when a blood pressure 140-149/90-99. Lastly, stage 2 is when the blood pressure is greater than 160/100. Elevated blood pressures increase the amount of plaque development. This increase development of plaque in the vessels and/or arteries can increase the risk of a patient having a heart attack (Lewis, S., 2014). Hyperlipidemia is another modifiable risk factor. Hyperlipidemia is high cholesterol levels in the blood. A total cholesterol over 200mg/dL is over the normal limit and increases the risk of a myocardial infarction. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) is considered the “bad cholesterol”. The liver in the human body makes cholesterol and other fats, and the LDL carries them to other body tissues. A good LDL level is below 130 mg/dL. High density lipoprotein (HDL) is considered the “good cholesterol”. HDL takes the LDL from the tissues back to liver so the body can excrete it. HDL should be over 50 for women, and over 40 for men (Woods, A., 2010). A patient having high cholesterol levels can increase the risk of a heart attack, because if there is too much cholesterol it will build up in the vessels causing them to be narrower. This narrowing can lead to the artery or vessel being completely blocked and causing a myocardial infarction. Obesity is also a risk factor for a heart attack. Obesity is when a body mass index is over 30 kg/m² and a waist measurement over 35 inches for women
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