Myths In Greek Mythology

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1. A myth is a traditional story that helps convey a fundamental or cultural worldview, wherein values are established by heroes in a legendary context. These values often contain important human truths or universal truths about human nature. For example, Homer's Iliad contains many important truths even though the story itself is full of fantastic/mythological elements, such as the appearance of the gods in the midst of the battlefield at Troy. However, Homer deftly mixes Greek mythology with historical accounts of real persons. What Homer did with the Iliad was to link Greek heritage and history with Greek religion, to create a kind of historical-religious epic poem that could teach Greeks about the past, their heritage, the value of honor, truths of human nature (such as the way valor is lost and won on the battlefield, or the way a mother like Thetis will do anything to protect her son). Not only does the Iliad explore the way the Greeks believed the gods to behave and look upon them, it also showed the way they saw themselves and the characteristics they most valued as a people. 2. The Iliad also reflects important social issues and concerns of the period in which it was composed. For example, it depicts how the Greeks really believed that their gods participated in their lives. In the Iliad, Zeus at first refuses to let the gods involve themselves directly in the fight between the Greeks and the Trojans. Nonetheless, the gods go behind his back and risk his wrath in
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