Essay NAFTA and the Labor Debate

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NAFTA and the Labor Debate The Debate Since the end of the eighties and the beginning of the nineties, there has been a surge in the creation of trade agreements all over the world. The one encompassing the largest area and affecting the greatest number of people is the North American Free Trade Agreement (Text of the NAFTA, Organization of American States). The three major countries of North America signed this regional trade agreement in 1993: Mexico, the United States, and Canada. The North American Free Trade Agreement or the NAFTA, as it became popularly called, was an effort that was initiated by the United States. At first, there existed the CFTA agreement between the United States and Canada. Later the U.S.…show more content…
It caused a huge labor scare where critics warned that hundreds of thousands of American Jobs were going to be lost to cheap Mexican labor. However five years later, it has been proven that the labor scare that NAFTA produce was unfounded. It is true that the United States lost many jobs but it gained more jobs in return. What critics of NAFTA failed to understand is that trade agreements like NAFTA, where manufacturing jobs are shifted from the developed world to the developing world, are necessary. They are necessary not only to develop the developing world but also to continue in America’s path of development. America has long since passed the industrial revolution. Employment in the United States is now more related to the service industry than manufacturing. The growth of the service industry in the United States while the stagnation of the manufacturing industry shows us that the United States is entering another stage of development. Mexico on the other hand is becoming industrialized and its manufacturing sector is rapidly growing. More people are being employed in manufacturing jobs as less and less people are working in agricultural production. Mexico too is passing into another stage in its development. Mexico is being industrialized while the United States is leaving the industrialized phase and entering a new era where the service business dominates. Trade agreements like the North

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