NIH Extramural Research

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The mission of the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) is “science in pursuit of fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems, and the application of that knowledge to extend healthy life and reduce the burdens of illness and disability.” The research supported by NIH extends from basic research that explores the fundamental workings of biological systems and behavior, to studies that examine disease and treatments in clinical settings, to prevention and population-based analyses of health status and needs.

This mission is pursued by 27 institutes and centers (ICs) and various offices within NIH, which support and conduct research through a far-reaching extramural research
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• More than 300,000 scientists and research personnel affiliated with more than 3,100 organizations make up the NIH extramural research community.
• Funds are primarily awarded through a two-tiered independent review system designed to ensure that the best proposals are funded.
• Approximately 10 percent of NIH’s budget supports a core program of intramural basic and clinical research activities administered and staffed by NIH physicians and scientists.
• Add a couple more, like types of grant mechanisms, autonomy of ICs, no. of trainees (see NSF section)

Social Science at NIH

NIH supports social and behavioral science primarily, but not solely, under the rubric of “health and behavior” research in all of its constituent institutes. Institutes which are the most supportive of this research include:

• National Cancer Institute
• National Institute on Aging
• Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
• National Institute for Nursing Research
• National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
• National Institute on Drug Abuse
• National Institute of Mental
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The Office’s mandate includes identifying and reporting on research that represents areas of emerging scientific opportunities, rising public health challenges, or knowledge gaps that would benefit from conducting or supporting additional research that involves collaboration between two or more institutes and centers or would benefit from strategic coordination and
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