A human factor that would cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes is settlement, which includes where people chose to live in relation to a volcano. For example, in Indonesia many people settle near Mount Merapi because of the rich and fertile soil favoured for farming. As Indonesia is a poor country many people rely on subsistence farming, therefore are willing to risk everything by settling beside a volcano. Furthermore, in the last eruption in 2010 360,000 people were displaced from their homes, meaning not only did they lose their home but also their livelihood; hundreds also lost their lives. Therefore, the hazards posed could have been minimalised if people chose to settle elsewhere.
Assess the extent to which primary rather than secondary impacts are the more serious effects arising from volcanic eruptions. (30 marks)
Volcanos are deadly, can form on islands or mainland, and can destroy mountains and cities. Volcanos commonly form from holes in the earth containing magma. When pressure builds up in these magma chambers, they explode resulting in magma and rock catapulting out into the air. As these volcanoes repeatedly explode, they leak magma, which runs down the side of the volcano. Eventually, the lava cools and transforms into solid rock, building up the volcano to mountain size. An example of giant volcanic eruptions is the Pompeii disaster in 79AD, when Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed all of Pompeii. Another example includes, the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington state, which destroyed the whole mountain. Volcanos
Yes people think that volcanoes are very scary and destroy a lot of things, but are volcanoes really as bad was we think there are? Yes they can hurt City’s but there are a wonderful help to. The volcanic eruptions make it way easier to grow plants and crops in the poor soil lands in these places .At times volcanoes can and are very dangerous to people and the environment but these scary lava shooting mountains are something that can help us live .
Volcanos are beautiful yet discursive. They may have different effects on towns but some are similar, and some are different. Some may have an effect on both people and cities and the people's mindsets may change on their beloved homes.
Analyse the factors that causes differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes around the world (40 marks)
Volcanoes are one of the most destructive, yet, most beautiful things on Earth. They can make a famous city choke in its own ashes in one day, like Pompeii. Or they can turn a once damaging mountain into a graceful and peaceful home for new life, like Mount St. Helen’s. All volcanoes are unique, and no two are the same. Some erupt differently than others, some look different than others, and all are located in different spots all over the world. I learned this while completing the project and the five volcanoes I researched are examples of my discoveries. The five volcanoes I researched were Mount Hood, Mount Mageik, Long Island, Mount Muria, and Las Pilas.
A hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat tolife, health, property or environment. The level of hazard posed by different volcanoes can very greatly, from a weak eruption with minimal impact that causes little damage, to a voilent and life threatening explosion. Most of the sixty-plus volcanoes that erupt each year are low risk, however a combination of factors can cause a volcano to be a serious hazard. The factors causing these variations will be explained in this essay.
exciting tell all, focused on the eruptions of Nevado Del Ruiz and Galeras in Northern and
The term “supereruption” was introduced after the Toba eruption in 1992 to describe the devastating effects that occurred5. To this date, there is no strict definition however; an eruption that can produce over 300 cubic kilometers of magma would have global consequences and therefore, be considered ‘super’6. The volume of magma that erupted from Toba was much greater than any other eruption previously recorded2. The fragmental deposit from such a large eruption can produce volumes of 1000km3 or greater7. Therefore, according to this definition, the latest eruption of Toba can definitely be considered a supereruption.
Numerous major and minor earthquakes can warn of a volcanic eruption (USGS, 2015). A volcanoe can wipe out miles of homes and wilderness in the surrounding area. To summarize a volcanoe is a dangerous natural disaster caused for an accumulation of pressure and the movement of tectonic plates.
The active volcano that I chose to research is Popocatepetl volcano. Popocatepetl volcano is an active volcano located in Mexico. The volcano is oftentimes referred to as “El Popo” by many Mexicans. El Popo is a composite cone volcano. Being a composite cone volcano, El Popo is characterized by a steep cone shape, which was created by many composite layers of material pouring out over numerous eruptions. The lava that comes out of El Popo is extremely viscous. The highly viscous lava does not travel very far, and typically cools down rapidly. Scientists believe that El Popo is about 730,000 years old. It has erupted more than 15 times since 1519. In 1994 El Popo produced gas and ash, which caused nearby towns to evacuate. The toxic
Some of them will threaten not only natural environment but also human’s life. Firstly, it produced the pyroclastic flows which include volcanic ash, lava flows, hot rocks (USGS). In the class lecture, it states that this type of volcano can move a hundred miles away and the high temperature of lava can kill people near the eruption area. Secondly, when the small summit explosion happened, it created the “lahar” since it melted the snow and became the mudflow (Geology). Thirdly, the abundant volcanic ash will also disturb the normal aviation work. The tiny particle of the ash could get in the engine and damage the
When Mount St. Helens erupted it took lives and destroyed at least fifty miles of the surrounding area. A volcano is a mountain or hill where a vent forms in the earth’s crust, letting ash, lava, and steam escape. Mount St. Helens included many details common to volcanic eruptions, caused damage and destruction, and how the area has recovered.
People can benefit greatly from volcanic eruptions in many ways. To illustrate, volcanoes have a variety of beneficial properties for soil. In most of lower Italy, the soil is rather meager, but in Naples, Italy, “[the] region includes Mount Vesuvius, which has experienced two major eruptions more than 10,000 years ago… [and t]he soil is so rich that farmers often plant different crops intermingled with each other to maximize the use of every square inch available” (McDonaugh 60, 61). Therefore, an abundance of crops can be grown easily and readily, and the demand for food would be met much more easily. Volcanoes can also draw in people, revealing a remarkable beauty in spite of its fiery temper. A tourist attraction in Mauna Loa, Hawaii Island