NR228 Digestion

1858 Words8 Pages
Let’s follow the path of a delicious ham and cheese sandwich with lettuce and pickles as it is eaten and digested! Start at the beginning and discuss the anatomical parts as well as the biochemical roles that contribute to this sandwich being turned into chemical energy. Be sure to include mechanical and chemical mechanisms, along with how they are metabolized in the body!

Digestion is the chemical breakdown of food molecules into smaller molecules that can be used by various cells within the body. The breakdown is initiated when food is ingested in the mouth and specific enzymes are exposed to components within the food molecules. Digestion begins in the mouth with mastication, or chewing, performed by the teeth. The purpose of chewing
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What happens if that part does not function? For example, what happens to digestion if the person is missing many teeth but can't afford dentures, or perhaps has a digestive disorder?

The above explanation of digestion occurs in a ‘normal’ functioning body. There are several dilemmas involving digestion that the human body may encounter with progressed age, disease, or improper mechanics, such as lack of teeth. A major threat involving a decrease in digestion ability is malnutrition. Malnutrition does not simply refer to not eating, but also encompasses insufficient absorbance of nutrients once food has been eaten. There is a wide array of factors that may lead to malnutrition in an individual. Mechanically, the lack of teeth is a simple but yet common reason of decreased nutrition intake. Though salivary glands are stimulated upon the introduction of food to the mouth, a person with no teeth tends to avoid the more strenuous foods to chew, such as meats, carrots, lettuce, and nuts, and become partial to a lot of soft foods like potatoes and eggs, which may not necessarily be the most nutritious or balanced. Individuals with gum disease may have all their teeth, but it can become sore for them to chew their meals and, as a result, the eating dwindles. Jaw injuries or surgeries can cause discomfort and may temporarily hinder proper
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