Naming Alcohols in Chemistry

1662 Words Jun 23rd, 2018 7 Pages
In chemistry, an alcohol is in the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. In particular, this carbon center should be saturated, having single bonds to three other atoms. Important alcohols are the simple acyclic alcohols. Of those, ethanol (C2H5OH) is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, and in common speech the word alcohol refers specifically to ethanol. When it comes to alcohol reactions the functional group of the alcohols is the hydroxyl group –OH. Unlike the alkyl halides, this group has two reactive covalent bonds, the C–O bond and the O–H bond. The electronegativity of oxygen is greater than carbon and hydrogen. The covalent bonds of this functional group are polarized so that oxygen is electron …show more content…
In the monohydric alcohol group there is Methanol (wood alcohol), ethanol (alcohol), isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol), Butyl alcohol (butanol), pentanol (amyl alcohol), and hexadecan-1-ol (cetyl alcohol). Another group of alcohols would be the polyhydric alcohols. With these alcohols there are ethane 1,2-diol (ethylene glycol), propane 1,2-diol (propylene glycol), Propane-1,2,3-triol (glycerol), Butane-1,2,3,4-tetraol (Erythritol, Threitol), Pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol (xylitol), Hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol (Mannitol, Sorbitol), Heptane-1,2,3,4,5,6,7-heptol (volemitol). Another group of alcohols would be the unsaturated aliphatic alcohols. In this group would be Prop-2-ene-1-ol (allyl alcohol), 3, 7-Dimethylocta-2, 6-dien-1-ol (geraniol), and Prop-2-in-1-ol (Propargyl alcohol). The last group of the alcohols would be alicyclic alcohols. In this group there is Cyclohexane-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-hexol (inositol) and 2 - (2-propyl)-5-methyl-cyclohexane-1-ol (menthol) (Britannica). The names above are just a list of some of the alcohols that can be found within the big range and different types of alcohols. The alcohols above use the same formats as alkanes to be named. When it comes to alcohols and naming them they will end with the letters -ol at the end of the name, which means that they are alcohols. When it comes to alcohol reactions the functional group of the alcohols is

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