Nanomaterials: The Development of Polymer Composite

934 WordsJan 30, 20184 Pages
Nanocomposites A nanocomposite is multiphase material consist one of the phases has one, two or three dimensions of less than 100 nm. Polymer nanocomposities have existed for decades. Term “nanocomposites” first appeared in 1994[Lan & Pinnavaia (1994), Lan et al. (1995), Giannelis(1996)]. After this a lot of researches started on the field of various fillers. Due to increased demands for the improvement in the performance of polymer materials led to emergence of new technologies. In these days, development of polymer composites is one of the most active research area in the field of nanomaterials. The composite consists of a matrix and a reinforcement (filler), these are combined in such a way that it enhance property as compared to the individual constituents. The property of composite material (matrix +filler) significantly depends on the mixture ratio between the matrix and nanofiller. Most commercially produced composites uses a polymer matrix material often called as resin solution. Type of composites contain polymer as a matrix known as polymer matrix. Most common polymer used as matrix are: polycarbonate, polyurethane, polyester, vinyl ester, epoxy, phenolic, polyimide, polyamide, polypropylene, PEEK, and others. To overcome the terminology and nomenclature issues, a standardization committee, ISO TC229 "Nanotechnologies", started in 2005, and a joint working group with IEC 113 "Nanotechnology Standardization for Electrical and Electronic Products and Systems"

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