Napoleon Bonaparte Essay

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Napoleon Bonaparte

Corsica is a rugged island in the Mediterranean, which lies sixty miles off the coast of Italy. The Corsicans are proud and independent people. In 1768, when the French took over the island from Genoa, an Italian state, the Corsicans rebelled and fought for their freedom. But they were unsuccessful. Their leader, Pasquale Paoli, was driven into exile.

Several months later, on August 15, 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio, a major port on the island. He was the second-born son of the family. His real name was Napoleone Buonaparte, but as a young man, he decided to give his name a French spelling. He did this because he had his mind set on a military career in France, and he didn’t want his Italian-sounding
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One student, though, decided to challenge Napoleon. While his companions egged him on, he barged into the garden and started to tear it apart. With a vicious look in Napoleon’s eye, He threw himself at the boy. He sent him hurtling through the fence, splintering it in several places. The boy sprawled on the ground. Jumping on him, Napoleon pummeled him with his fists until the boy gave up; then Napoleon let him go. As the years at Brienne went by, he slowly gained the respect of his fellow students.

Napoleon’s mother was left penniless, with eight children to take care of. Napoleon decided to earn his military commission as quickly as possible so that he could start helping her out financially. Working day and night, he completed the courses at the Military College within the year, though the program usually took two to three years.

At sixteen he graduated with the rank of lieutenant and was assigned to an artillery unit. Napoleon had specialized in artillery at the Military College, because he understood its importance in warfare and wanted to learn how cannons could most effectively be used in battles.

During the next few years he devoted himself to reading about military science, history, and political theory. Napoleon was garrisoned in various cities in France, but he also spent much of his time in Corsica. When he was on military duty he often worked from four o’clock in the morning until ten at night.

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