Narrative Report on the Job Training in Israel(Agriculture Course)

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EFFECT OF PRUNING INTENSITY ON SUPERIOR SEEDLESS GRAPES (VITIS VINIFERA) PROJECT PROPOSAL GROUP 24 (moshav Lakish) Jonathan D. Agojo Arthur P.Benosa Jonathan E. Cariaga Genevieve Pascua Charito Victore Maria Luisa C. Gealon Donnah N. Anub Eril Mascardo INTRODUCTION The grape (Vitis vinifera) is one of the table delicacies in India. It belongs to the family Vitaceae. It is one of the most delicious, refreshing and nourishing fruits of the world. It is fairly good source of minerals like calcium, phosphorus and iron and vitamins like B1 and B2. Its juice is a mild laxative and acts as a stimulant to kidneys. The grape is a native of Armenia, (the USSR). It was introduced in India from Iran and Afghanistan in…show more content…
Alternatively, one can use a single fruiting cane or spur at each arm, and retain one of the basal fruitful shoots as a fruiting cane for the next season. When to prune? Spurs at bud swell and bud break.Dormant pruning of grapevines can be done at any time between leaf drop in the fall and bud break in the spring. However, the logistics of completing the job in a specific time period and the availability of labor often influence the timing of pruning. There also are vine health considerations that enter into the decision of when to prune. Pruning in the fall may increase vine susceptibility to freeze injury compared to later pruning (Wolf and Poling, 1995). Therefore, in regions where there is a significant risk of cold injury, it can be advantageous to postpone pruning until after winter’s coldest temperatures. Postponing pruning also enables an assessment of cold injury and adjustment of pruning levels to compensate for injury losses. A practice called "double-pruning" is sometimes used to avoid spring frost injury. Canes are pruned long during the winter, and then once bud break occur the canes can be cut again to the desired number of buds. This effectively delays bud break of the buds near the base of the cane by several days. Later pruning commonly causes the vines to “bleed” sap from the pruning cuts, but this is not harmful to

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