Nation of Israel Essay

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Nation of Israel

Background: History and general facts about Israel
Along the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, at the junction of three continents, lies a much disputed piece of land, now known as the country of Israel. Although this land is now controlled by its original inhabitants, the Jewish people have only had political power for the past half-century. After the Jewish people lost authority, the control of this piece of land changed hands numerous times. This land has been plagued for centuries by disputes between its neighboring countries and peoples over its rule. Located in the Middle East, Israel's neighboring countries include Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. The majority of its western side and the
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The vast climactic differences are reflected in the rich variety of flora and fauna. Despite the wide environmental range, fresh water scarcity has been a lasting problem. The National Water Carrier aids in bringing water from the north to the south, and additional methods of using other sources are underway. Desertification and pollution are two other environmental issues that Israel faces. Sandstorms are a natural hazard, which most often occur in the spring and the summer. The natural resources are copper, phosphates, sulfur, manganese, bromide, asphalt, potash, clay, and sand. The highest point in Israel is 1,208m at Har Meron, and the lowest point in Israel is the lowest point on earth -- 408m below sea level in the Dead Sea.
Israel's current population nears six million, as compared to its population of fewer than one million at the time of its inception. The vast majority, 90%, of the population resides in urban centers, and most of the remainder of the population inhabits rural cooperative settlements named the moshav and the kibbutz. The age structure is as follows: 0-14 years -- 28%, 15-64 years -- 62%, over 65 years -- 10%. The population growth rate is 1.8%. The sex ratio for the total population is 0.99 male/female. Children begin school at age 5 and can continue through age 18. Pre-school is common for 3 and 4 year olds. 12 years is the median amount of schooling for the population.
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