National Constituent Assembly

1583 WordsOct 8, 19997 Pages
To what extent did the reforms of the Constituent Assembly create discontent? The National Constituent Assembly solved some of Frances short term problems, but caused significant discontent due to its inability to resolve long term problems, that had been destroying France economically, politically and socially. There were some groups of society that were quite content with the reforms of the Constituent Assembly, such as a majority of the bourgeoisie, peasants who gained from the abolition of the Feudal system, and some members of the first and second Estate. However, many other people and groups, such as King Louis XVI, Nobles who had become emigres after losing their land, clergy who had refused to swear allegiance to the new…show more content…
The most significant discontent of this period, was in direct link with the King. Since the formation of the National Constituent Assembly, there had been a rising movement for a Republic. The King showed a clear lack of support towards the new Constitution, that had structured France as a Constitutional Monarchy. In 1791 he and his family tried to flee France, but were caught in Varennes and brought back to Paris. This incident is referred to as the Flight to Varennes, and after this Louis basically became a political prisoner of the revolution. Although he was still France's Head of State, his legislating powers had been stricken, and he could do little to oppose new laws or acts. With this in mind there was a radical, yet supported, movement for a Republic, lead by the Sans Culottes, a radical group made up of the working class. Effectively, power hungry bourgeois members' ultimate goal was to keep the sovereignty in their own hands. At the same time as the Declaration of Man, the Constituent Assembly also abolished government workshops that had been set up to find employment for the poor. They also demolished union guilds - similar to workers unions - to make sure no organised labour force would rise up against them - such acts were known as Le Chapelier law. A similar system was brought in to restrict franchise of radicals who wouldn't conform, designed to stop those 'passive' citizens that were not paying a large tax, from voting. It was
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