National Federation of Independent Business v Sebelius Essay

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1. Title and Citation- National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius 567 U.S. (2012) 2. Facts of the Case- In March 2010, there came about multiple lawsuits that were merged into one case shortly after Congress passed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) or Obamacare (National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius). With the passing of this act it required U.S. citizen who did not already have health care through Medicaid, Medicare, corporate, or any government-sponsored source to get health care. Citizens who did not have any of the mentioned healthcare sources would be forced into buying into the federally funded healthcare. If they did not buy into the healthcare, there would be a strict penalty…show more content…
However, they believed that Affordable Care Act could only be enforced in the fine for citizens without health insurance was removed (National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius). 3. Issues- National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius brought up some unique and never before seen issues (The Affordable Care Act Cases). 1. Whether or not the Anti-Injunction Act barred the minimum coverage provision of Affordable Care Act? 2. Does Congress have the power to require citizens to purchase health care? 3. Is the mandate requiring citizens to purchase health insurance severable from Affordable Care Act? 4. Whether or not Congress could pass a law that required states to enforce Affordable Care Act and if they did not comply, the state could lose federal funding? 4. Decisions- After three days of arguments, the Supreme Court decided three months later in a 5 to 4 vote agreed to pass certain sections of Affordable Care Act, whereas other sections were not passed. 5. Reasoning- The Supreme Court’s decision was split and provided various points of view on the issues just like the American population and some sections are still being challenged today. Chief Justice Roberts was joined by Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, Sotomayer, and Kagan to form the opinion of the court on this case. However, there are sections where Justices felt split on the opinion. Due to this reason, there is a detailed explanation of which

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