National Human Rights Commission and Its Role.

2717 Words Oct 4th, 2010 11 Pages
NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION AND ITS ROLE.
This paper divided into 8 parts. There are : 1. Introduction 2. Role of Human Rights towards universal sovereignty 3. Establishment of Human Rights Commission, 4. National Human Rights Commission of India, 5. Constitution of the Human Rights Commission, 6. Functions of the Human Rights Commission 7. Powers of the Commission 8. Conclusion
The National Human Rights Commission was established on 12th October, 1993 under the legislative mandate of the protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
Definition of Human Rights : “Human Rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution or embodied in the
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Since 1990, the Commission has 53 member Government. It meets annually in Geneva for six weeks beginning in March. It reports to ECOSOC which, in turn, reports to the General Assembly. (Sharma D.L. and Maheshwari V.K, 2000 P.No. 316, 317).
4. National Human Rights Commission of India :
The National Human Rights Commission(NHRC) of India is an autonomous commission constituted by the Central Government to protect human rights in India under the protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA) of 1993. Created largely in response to the firestorm of International controversy that arose over the actions of India’s Border Security Forces(BSF), the NHRC has been derrogated as being merely a mechanism for deflecting criticism of India’s human rights record, rather than an organ of genuine power and accountability. The PHRA mandates that “The Central Government shall constitute a body to be known as the National Human Rights Commission to exercise the powers conferred upon, and to perform the functions assigned to it, under this Act”, namely protecting “The rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution and enforceable by courts in India”.
Protection of Rights in India : The constitution of India is one of the most rights – based constitutions in the world. Drafted around the same time as the universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Indian constitution captures the essence of human rights in its