The Queensland Police Service (QPS) Incident Command System (ICS) was raised as a project in 2001 with the aim of establishing a Command system which could be used for any type of incident or event. Extensive research was conducted into ICS models throughout Australia and overseas. The QPS ICS was finally adapted from the North American ICS model which allows a flexible approach to incident response with effectiveness and efficiency. The QPS ICS was then adopted into Section 1.12 of the QPS Operational Procedures Manual (OPM 2014). The QPS ICS takes a formal approach by gathering intelligence, planning a response and deploying the available resources to achieve a specific result (QPS2013a).
After September 11, 2001, the Department of Homeland of Security was formed in response to the terrorist attacks. Out of the birth of the agencies formed, the National Incident Management System (NIMS) was created to allow clear allocation of resources and a systematic approach to emergency management. The system
Incident Command Establishing the incident command system is first and foremost. The system establishes a common organizational structure that is conducive for different types of agencies as well as multiple jurisdictions to be able to effectively work together in response to the situation. The components of this system include the Incident Commander, who oversees all aspects of the disaster response, operations, planning, logistics and finance/administrative (Briggs & Twomey, 2003).
NIMS * When would a Deputy Incident Commander (Deputy IC) be necessary? Give examples. * In The missing piece of NIMS: Teaching incident commanders how to function in the edge of Chaos, the author notes that first responders have to deal with a disaster situation already unfolding, and not “all the pieces fit together nicely.” The author writes about the Five Tenets of Working in Chaos.
As stated earlier, the 9/11 attacks revealed the indomitable spirit of the US and awakened a sleeping giant, which was very reminiscent of the US response following the attacks by the Japanese on US forces in Hawaii. Both 9/11 and Pearl Harbor attacks galvanized the American people into action and caused the government to heavily invest resources to combat enemies of the US; the Axis enemies during World War II and “the terrorists”, wherever they may be located, following 9/11. One of the first NIST deficiencies to be corrected were the operational protocols for intra- and inter-agency communication. This, in part, has been addressed in the Incident Command System (ICS) since the purpose of ICS is to integrate operations between public safety entities at all levels of government.
Emergency services face vast difficulties in the operations field when handling emergency situations, whether it comes from handling a minor accident to a catastrophic catastrophy. Many of the difficulties do not come from the actual incident, but instead they arise from forming a rescue team containing different agencies and people. For the benefit off all individuals participating, it is imperative that there be a unified command structure in place to effectively coordinate and oversee the tasks that need to be accomplished. The need of a unified command was seen from the hardships faced in incidents, bringing forth the development of the Incident Command System that was designed to be used in an array of conditions, to bring all
NIMS and ICS The continuity of operations The ICS will also help reduce panic with use of proper evacuation and crowd control techniques (Phoenix Police, 2016). Keeping control during an emergency helps show the public that things are under control. COOP on the federal level has been a part of the executive branch and is ready to respond to incidents of weapons of mass destruction. These incidents are different from national disasters because it is a federal crime so federal, local, and or state police agents will be involved collecting and preserving evidence (Publicresourceorg,
Incident Commander: This person is delegated by the CEO to lead the response and cleanup. They will also provide insight to the CEO on the most appropriate steps to take to mitigate the impacts of the spill.
Abstract With each disaster or incident, interoperability is continuously being seen as an issue amongst first responders. During event of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, few changes were made to ensure the adequacy of interoperable communications amongst first responders. The September 11th attacks on the World Trade Centers presented the inadequacies that had not been acknowledged in other incidents. This paper will give readers a synopsis of the events that took place of the day of September 11th. Readers will also gain an understanding as to exactly what interoperability and what interoperable communications are. This paper will also explore research conducted by government officials as well as others that investigate events
This report article titled, “Implications of an Improvised Nuclear Device Detonation on Command and Control for Surround Regions at the Local, State and Federal Levels” by David Pasquele and Richard Hansen talks about the different types of issues that surrounds the area of the Improvised Nuclear Device and other units. These types of issues are mainly related and connected to the Incident Command Posts (ICP) and Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs). Command and control is part of the issue because they cause a lot of problems for the operations on these jurisdictions. In this essay we will discuss more on the key issues and to agree if the Incident Command System (ICS) and National Incident Management System (NIMS) would be sufficient or use different procedures. Also, I will talk about the federal agencies mentioned in this report to see which is important to use for a response and recovery of an IND event.
The “Critical infrastructure, or CI, is a subcategory of infrastructure that includes those assets, systems, and networks, whether physical or virtual, which are so vital that their failure or destruction would have a debilitating impact on security, governance, public health and safety, public confidence, commerce, or other societal factors” (Bullock, Haddow, Coppola, 2016). According to the 2013 US National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) there are 16 of these sectors and throughout this paper we will discuss a cyber attack on the water supply sector. The best way to discuss the above will be through the evaluation of the impact that a cyber-attack could have on our water supply, and the probable third and fourth order effects from
The National Response Plan The National Response Framework is a guide designed to assist local, State, and Federal governments in developing functional capabilities and identifying resources based on hazard identification and risk assessment. It outlines the operating structure and identifies key roles and responsibilities. It established a framework to identify capabilities based on resources and the current situation no matter the size or scale. It integrates organizational structures and standardizes how the Nation at all levels plans to react to incidents. The suspected terrorist attack will have health, economic, social, environment and political long-term effects for my community. This is why it is essential that local government’s
The book, “National Incident Management System: Principles and Practice,” by Dr. Donald W. Walsh, Dr. Hank T. Christen, Christian E. Callsen, Geoffrey T. Miller, Paul M. Maniscalco, Graydon C. Lord, and Neal J. Dolan, describes ICS as, “…a system for domestic incident management that is based on an expandable, flexible structure…” (Walsh, et al., 2012, p. 12). Due to this flexibility, Walsh et al. state that ICS is commonly used by all levels of government as well as by a number of non-governmental agencies and the private sector. ICS is structured around five sections. These sections are command, operations, planning, logistics, and finance/administration (Walsh, et al., 2012,
The NIMS model of incident Command Systems (ICS) will be used as the framework for all responses to hazardous material releases. This will allow flexibility to rapidly activate and establish an organizational structure around the functions that need to be performed to efficiently mitigate an incident (Washoe County LEPC, 2006).
The Current State of Incident Response Despite the urgent need for all organizations to have an effective, efficient and complete incident response plan, the plan often falls by the way. Some statistics from a survey published by Demisto reveal a troubling