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National Literacy Crusade Of 1980 Essay

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The Sandinistas ' National Literacy Crusade of 1980 (CNA) significantly reduced the rate of illiteracy in Nicaragua from an estimated forty-three percent to twelve percent. Improvements to the literacy rate were short-lived. The instability of Nicaragua under the Sandinistas (1979-1990) effectively froze state-sponsored education programs, minimizing the potential of educational efforts after the 1980 campaign. The weakened Sandinista government, as well as inadequate preparation of post-CNA teachers, allowed the newly literate to lose their literacy. Although the campaign failed to permanently reduce illiteracy, it did serve as a catalyst for a new brand of Nicaraguan nationalism amongst young Nicaraguans who served as volunteer teachers. The campaign allowed women to transcend the traditional social and hierarchical boundaries of Nicaraguan society. Women assumed positions of authority as teachers, challenging the historically patriarchal norms of Nicaraguan culture. Introduction
In July of 1979, after years of fighting the repressive Somoza regime, the Frente Sandinista de Liberacíon Nacional (FSLN) and their allies seized Managua and with it the seat of Nicaragua’s government. The deposition of the Anastasio Somoza Debayle marked the end of a four decades long dynasty defined by cruelty and cronyism. Under the thumb of the Somocista government, the majority of Nicaraguans were denied or lacked access to education, health services, running drinking-water, and in
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