National Philosophy of Education

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Introduction In Malaysia, education is a continuous attempt to maximum individual potentials in order to create a physically, emotionally, spiritually and intellectually person who believes in God and firmly hold on to his/her respective religious teachings. In order to achieve the goal, teachers especially, have to play a vital role in educating the students who will be able to perform their duties as responsible citizens. However, there are several challenges that are faced by the nation in producing a ‘good man’ who is balanced in all aspects. Hence, this paper will discuss three challenges towards making National Philosophy of Education (NPE) a reality in the Malaysian society and approaches that are taken in order to make the…show more content…
Hence, actions should be taken in order to ensure that the NPE aspirations will become a reality. Mental Health Promotion is one of the modus operandi that is taken in order to avoid stress among children in schools that derived from the examination-oriented culture (Bernama, 2008). In this program, activities that could be implemented are promoting health literacy in the school community through talks, exhibitions and quizzes could be held as extra-curricular activities in schools. These activities are opted to instill basic self-confidence in the children so that any failures or disappointments will be seen as opportunities to try again rather than as a lack of ability and taking the road to disaster. b) Poverty among Malaysian Students Poverty comprises children who live in rural areas all around Malaysia. Merriam-Webster Online Search defines poverty as the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions. Siwar, Chamhuri, and Mohd. Yusof Kasim (1997) states that causes of urban poverty are multidimensional. They include structural, institutional and cultural factors. Urban poverty is growing as a result of the unequal distribution of wealth and income (Abdul Rahim, 2002). Findings by Johari
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