National and European Identity

1273 WordsJun 20, 20186 Pages
Scholars of the European Union (EU) have a strong interest in the concept of European Union identity (Cram, 2009). The ‘European union’ identity can be identified nowadays, although there are still conflicts between national identities and a shared European identity which can be illustrated by the data from Eurobarameter and other sources. Most people perceive themselves as Europeans, as Anderson (1991) state, there is no contradictory between Europe and nation-state, ‘country first, but Europe, too’ is the main feeling of the public. However, some people don’t consider themselves as European which result from a strong attachment to the national culture. Even though, the tendency of the convergence of diverse national identity cannot be…show more content…
Citizens’ formation of a supra-national identity, a European identity, derives from being members of the EU (Salazar, 1998). Obviously, apart from Euro, a shared history among member states is also related to the European identity. The formation of European Union is based on this collective memory to some extent. Memory has become ‘a powerful tool in quests for understanding, justice and knowledge’ (Hacking, 1998). Additionally, as Jan-Werner Müller (2002, p. 1) observes, memory ‘lies at the intersection of so many of our current concerns and organizes many of our current projects’. Having gone through a century of war and economic crisis, the European Union has been established representing the desire of harmonious society. The creation in 1958 of the EC (European Community) was an important attempt at recuperating the region after the Second World War, “… the single market underpinned by various freedoms was believed to be a means of ensuring peace, as well as, of enhancing the economic prosperity and stability of countries in Europe” (Müller-Peters et al., 1998, p. 664).Based on common experience of wars and goal of building up a harmonious society, they feel more attached to each other , enabling them to have a better understanding of each other
Open Document