Native American & Alaska Native Cultural Project

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Cultural Project: Native Americans and Alaska Natives

The outline and presentation for this assignment generally follows the presentations from Giger’s (2009) Application of Assessment and Intervention Techniques to Specific Cultural Groups.
There are over 500 Federally Recognized tribes in the U.S., plus some additional tribes recognized by states, plus unknown number of smaller unrecognized tribes. Many are also divided into clans and loosely categorized into major groups. While it is impossible to totally generalize across such a broad spectrum, the scope of this project and the focus of the information compiled are of the generalized Native American/Alaskan Native. Where appropriate the Alaskan Native is separated
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|1500 CE |Early Woodland Period. Use of pottery and building of earth tombs emerges especially in the Mississippi |
| |valley. Arrival of Columbus and Spanish Explorers. Beginning of the end of a way of life that had lasted |
| |over 12,000 years and the beginning of the european intrusian which almost destroyed the Native American |
| |culture. |


The history of the Native Americans after the arrival of the Europeans is a history of wars, treaties and agreements, and broken treaties and broken agreements. As late as 1994 the governing bodies of tribal communities have signed treaties and agreements with the U.S. (Niles, 1996). As recently as 1999 the U.S. Supreme Court almost overturned treaty rights of the Chippewa Indians of Minnesota.
By the 1800s, the lands belonging to the Native Americans were sold and purchased by nations which rightfully did not own them. One example is the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, which transferred 828,800 acres, encompassing 14 current states, from France to the U.S. Another example is the purchase of the Alaska Territory by the U.S. from Russia in

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