Native American Self Determination Movement

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Indeed following on from this last point the Native American self-determination movement has achieved almost all of its victories without outside help. Indeed many organisations such as the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), Native American Rights Fund (NARF) and National Alaska Native American Indian Nurses Association (NANAINA) are run by and for Native Americans and their interests. As with most civil rights movements but even more the case as Native Americans have their own sovereign citizenship, for real change to be affected there had to be self-organisation. To build on this point, the overarching aim for native activism is the abidance of treaties signed between tribes and the Federal government and the acceptance of…show more content…
Hopefully this causes a ‘surge of wide-spread expressions of collective identity that challenges globalisation and cosmopolitanism on behalf of cultural singularity.’ (Castels, 1997, pp1). In which case the pressure of wider American society to assimilate the Native Americans will subside.
Although Clicktivism significantly changed Indigenous struggles over land and resources through protest and activism it is not responsible for introducing new concepts of the self and identity. The first true Native American nationalist movement was led by American Indian Movement in the 1960s and struck a different cord to the National Congress of American Indians. The first successful pan-Indian movement was the Society of American Indians (SAI) which stressed unity ignoring tribal affiliation as a factor causing division among Native Americans. Ironically this organization set up by and for Native Americans was in part caused by the education of Indian children in government run boarding schools to assimilate them. It had the reverse effect causing members of disparate tribes to become friends and allies and many of the leaders of the SAI came from these boarding schools.
Indeed it is important to stress the point that in many tribes and in many reservations there is not a unified consensus regarding engagement with the United States or its culture. Many Native Americans are understandably worried about education, jobs, assimilation and healthcare
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