Native Americans in Late 19th Century

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Native Americans in the late 19th century The reservations system is quite a complex matter and understanding the consistency and membership of the reservations can be hard, depending on the particular issue being handled. It is worth noting however that all the Indians born in the USA are citizens and are subject to federal and tribal laws though not generally to the state laws. The federal law limits their self-governance hence they do not retain the all powers. They are endowed with the power to control the land use and ownership, execute their legal system (though under the supervision of the federal government particularly on criminal issues) as well as raise the local taxes. According to American Indians' Cultural Network (2000), the federal reservations are about 300 in number and most are in the West with 20 state reservations mainly in the East. The reservations have a history that dates back to the 1840s and were inhabited by the Plains Indians. They were basically used to confine the Plains Indians hence have an easier time controlling the inhabitants. Once confined within this stretch of worthless infertile land, they were no longer a threat to the white settlers and by 1900s the entire population of Plains Indians was almost decimated. The federal reservations policy came up from the system that was referred to as the Permanent Indian Frontier policy that was implemented in 1830 the followed by the Indian Removal Act within the same year. Bearing the
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