Nato Point Paper Outline

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Brief Background After World War II ended, most of Western Europe had been reduced to ruin. In an effort to protect itself from possible future invasions, the Western European Union (WEU) was founded by the following countries: Britain, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. When the city of Berlin was blockaded in 1948 by the Soviet Union, members of the WEU decide that a wider foundation of cooperation is needed-one that involves the United States. The United States and WEU formed a new alliance called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949, in response to the Communist aggression in Eastern Europe, Korea, and Czechoslovakia. In 1990, the reunification of East and West Germany began to splinter the once-solid…show more content…
While “Washington is pushing hard to help Ukraine, enthusiasm seems weaker among NATO’s other members” (“Rumsfeld Praises Ukraine for NATO Membership Effort”). At the Vilnius, Lithuania conference in October 2003, less than half of the member countries were represented. Issue 3: There is potential for another “Superpower Nation” to emerge from Europe or Asia. • Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The SCO is an organization between Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. There is also the possibility of adding members India, Pakistan, and Iran. “One initiative that core members Russia and China agree on, experts say, is to squeeze the US influence-which peaked after 9/11- out of the SCO’s neighborhood” (Weir 1). • Russia’s Return as a Superpower. There are concerns that Russia may once again “reassert itself militarily” (Wood 7). After the original fall of communism in 1991, Russia seemed to be on a path to democracy. Currently the notion of a democratic Russia seems to be fading as Russia “has been centralizing more and more power in the Kremlin” (Putin 2). Regional governors, who were once elected by the people, are now being appointed by Moscow. • Potential European Superpower. The possibility that one nation can rise to the same strength (both economically and militarily) as the United States could threaten European peace. The United States “does not want a peer competitor. Instead, it
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