‘Natural Disasters Are Often Not Natural Disasters, but in Fact Human Disasters. Discuss This Statement According to Seismic Events’

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‘Natural disasters are often not natural disasters, but in fact human disasters. Discuss this statement according to seismic events’ Seismic events are occurrences in which energy is briefly released in the Earth's crust, resulting in a series of seismic waves which move through the crust. In some cases, the energy can be intense enough that it is felt in the form of an earthquake, while in other seismic events, the energy is so mild that it can only be identified with specialized equipment. A human disaster is an event directly and principally caused by one or more identifiable deliberate or negligent human action. Whereas a natural disaster is a natural event such as a flood, earthquake, or hurricane that causes great damage or loss…show more content…
However the lack of available resources in Bam increased the damage and effects of the earthquake. The effects were phenomenal; 30000 dead, 20000 injured, 80000 homeless. Many of those killed by the earthquake in Bam died only because of poor building methods and a lack of proper regulation. In Iran, as in many developing countries, tremors that ought to be survivable often bring human tragedy on a vast scale because buildings collapse on top of people. Bam in contrast to Christchurch was a disaster waiting to happen. Efforts to bring industrial development to what was a backward agricultural area caused a population boom and a shortage of housing, which local builders tried to meet with cheap, jerry-built homes, or by adding extra floors to existing houses. Building materials are often inadequate for normal purposes, let alone for use in an earthquake zone. Typical houses are constructed of burnt brick, with mud and lime for the bonding. Looking back at the Bam earthquake the limited availability of resources meant that the effects were worsened. However if there was not building in the region then the Hazard would have remained natural with little if any consequences such as deaths or economic loss. The Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 cements my view that disasters are more often than not human disasters. As the large variances of effects

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